I think the answer is no. They have had the request for this feature for at least 9 years and have not implemented it. They make money from people buying 3rd party jira plugins that add the gaping gaps in functionality. So.. it seems the business decision is to leave the software broken, so they make more money.
There are related feature requests for your question in JAC:
That does not guarantee that Atlassian will be providing this functionality anytime soon, but you can watch the issues to stay informed.
In the meantime, be aware that you could already cover certain use cases using the statement <some JQL> AND Filter = "<name of a saved filter>" (or the filter id would work as well).
For some other cases, Scriptrunner might be a handy extension of your toolbox as well. For some examples and a link to more documentation, see this related question.
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