There is an open Suggestion to allow wild card searching that you can find at JRASERVER-23038. Please vote on the issue to add impact and you'll be notified of any changes to the ticket including a fix version.
Natively, Jira can't do this by itself. The labels field does not permit the searching with wildcards, or the use of the ~ contains operator. There is an existing feature request to add this functionality to Jira in https://jira.atlassian.com/browse/JRASERVER-23038
But this request is common enough that other plugins to Jira have been created that can actually handle this. I know that Scriptrunner can do this with the issueFunction in issueFieldMatch search. The specifics of how this could be done are also explained over in the post How to search for labels with a wildcard? - Atlassian Community
There are also other plugins that might help, such as
Atlassian Summit is an excellent opportunity for in-person support, training, and networking.Learn more
Hello! I'm Rayen, a product manager at Atlassian. My team and I are working hard to improve the trial experience for Jira Software Cloud. We are interested in talking to 20 people planning t...
Connect with like-minded Atlassian users at free events near you!Find a group
Connect with like-minded Atlassian users at free events near you!
Unfortunately there are no AUG chapters near you at the moment.Start an AUG
You're one step closer to meeting fellow Atlassian users at your local meet up. Learn more about AUGs