@ban yige components IDs usually refer to the server version of Jira. Are you using a server or cloud version or Jira? If you are using a cloud version, then try the solution that @Mohamed Benziane provided. If you are using the server version, then read this solution, which may provide some help to your problem https://community.atlassian.com/t5/Jira-questions/How-can-you-use-SQL-to-find-the-component-id-for-an-issue-in-the/qaq-p/241611
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