I only know of the projectdoc Toolbox to provide such a feature for Confluence Server (see Use Display Table for Transclusion References). I'm one of the authors, so my view on possible solutions is heavily biased ;).
But I assume you are looking for a solution based on Confluence native tooling where your work to change existing pages is minimal? This would not be the case with the projectdoc Toolbox since it requires to use its macros.
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