what is the difference between staging area and repository?


1 answer

1 accepted

The staging area holds changes that you have made to your source files and have staged (using "git add") but have not yet committed.  It allows you to collect all the changes that you want to commit together in one place before committing.  Most of the time it's a bit of an unnecessary step as you'll just want to commit all your changes (which you can do with "git commit -a") but sometimes you may have made changes that do not logically belong together in a single commit.  In this case you can stage only certain changed files (using "git add") while leaving other changed files unstaged.  When you do a "git commit", only the staged changes will be committed.  You can use "git status" to see which files contain changes and whether or not they are staged for commit.

The staging area even offers more levels of adding "things":

  • You can also add just parts/single lines of a changed files to the staging area while other parts/lines are left out.

For example: Having a file, where you fixed two separated bugs without commiting, you are able to stage only the hunks/lines concerning the fix of the first bug for your first commit. After this you might add the remaining changes (second bugfix) to the staging area - and perform a second commit.


Consider Statig area as a container to collect all logically mated changes for your next commit from your unordered unrelated uncommitted changes in your sandbox ...

Suggest an answer

Log in or Sign up to answer
How to earn badges on the Atlassian Community

How to earn badges on the Atlassian Community

Badges are a great way to show off community activity, whether you’re a newbie or a Champion.

Learn more
Community showcase
Posted Jun 12, 2018 in Bitbucket

Do you use any Atlassian products for your personal projects?

After spinning my wheels trying to get organized enough to write a book for National Novel Writing Month (NaNoWriMo) I took my affinity for Atlassian products from my work life and decided to tr...

22,585 views 26 12
Join discussion

Atlassian User Groups

Connect with like-minded Atlassian users at free events near you!

Find a group

Connect with like-minded Atlassian users at free events near you!

Find my local user group

Unfortunately there are no AUG chapters near you at the moment.

Start an AUG

You're one step closer to meeting fellow Atlassian users at your local meet up. Learn more about AUGs

Groups near you