I would have to say that this would be completely dependant on your build tool of choice. Technically Bamboo doesn't support an Artifactory, Nexus, Archiva, or even a plain old maven repository.
I think that the real question should be "is there a plugin that supports the use of build tools which use nuget" and the answer is yes.
On the other hand, while I am thinking about it... there is a plugin for Artifactory, but that is to add capability to manage staging repositories, and their promotion... is that what you are looking for? If so, it would definitely be "no".
Since Sonatype just added Nuget support to their latest version of Nexus, you may want to look to see where Sonatype might be in the process of developing a Bamboo plugin for Nexus. That may turn my "no" into a "yes".
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