Hi Vitalij - Welcome to the Atlassian Community!
You can edit the board filter to add to the end of the query:
ORDER BY Priority
But realize that will affect all columns on the board, and you will no longer be able to drag cards up and down to change the priority.
With default priority fields it's not possible.
Try Ducalis integration to prioritize with your framework and turn on auto-export priority rank into Jira issue.
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