You need some code that can pick up the change to the current issue and issue automatic transitions on the others.
You could write it for yourself, but there are add-ons in the marketplace that already do "transition linked issue(s)", so I'd strongly recommend a look at those before starting on your own.
I have multiple projects that use variations of the same base workflow. The variations depend on the requirements of the project or issue type. The variations mostly come in the form of new statuses ...
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