No, filters don't have anything to say about the output of what they find, apart from the order which only gets used in a couple of places.
You can run a filter like "Project = x order by updated" and the issue navigator will list them for you, but there's no limit of 10.
Although you could put that same filter into a "filter results" dashboard gadget - they do list "the first x issues"
I’m a designer on the Jira team. For a long time, I’ve fielded questions from other designers about how they should be using Jira Software with their design team. I’ve also heard feedback from other ...
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