This layout is something that changed in Jira Cloud back in January of 2017. There does not appear to be a means to alter the layout of these fields on the boards/backlogs at this time.
There is an existing feature request to allow users to change this back in https://jira.atlassian.com/browse/JSWCLOUD-15521
I would recommend watching and voting on that issue for updates to this.
I’m a designer on the Jira team. For a long time, I’ve fielded questions from other designers about how they should be using Jira Software with their design team. I’ve also heard feedback from other ...
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