You have posted the question again as comment. Faysal's comment was the answer for your question. Read the REST API docs at https://jira.atlassian.com/plugins/servlet/restbrowser#/, search google for how to make REST calls using you language of programming.
For history as Faysal says, pass the extra argument expand=changelog.
Also search this forum for many post on the same topic, for example https://answers.atlassian.com/questions/64708/is-it-possible-to-get-the-issue-history-using-the-rest-api
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