I don't think so. In Jira Core you would set this up through comment visibility, a setting you can find in Settings > System > General Settings > Comment visibility.
As a rule of thumb, permission settings cannot be modified in a free plan. But as I have no free plan to check this in myself, I'm not entirely sure. But do have a look. I suspect you won't be able to modify the setting.
I have multiple projects that use variations of the same base workflow. The variations depend on the requirements of the project or issue type. The variations mostly come in the form of new statuses ...
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