I didn't find anything exactly to your example. However I'd suggest you to try these external plugins to customize your dashboard:
It looks a little bit like "Table Filters". You will find the description in the atlassion marketplace here: https://marketplace.atlassian.com/plugins/com.stiltsoft.confluence.plugin.tablefilter.tablefilter
and a product demo here:
To use it on the dashboard you can do this:
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